Sunday, 12 June 2016

Oliver Cromwell English Civil War.

Poetry and politics are interconnected and highly dependent upon on English XVII century. On the one hand we have Cavalier Poets who are close to the Crown. Oliver Cromwell

On the other hand we ought to mention the figure of John Milton as poet of the English Revolution, an advocate for English Republicanism. Charles I son of James I (1603-1625) inherited the English throne in 1625, he shared like his father the believe in Absolutism as a gift by the grace of god as his dad firmly defended but Charles I was not possessed of the skills required to dialogue nor the capacity of agreement and compromise his dad epitomized, many disputes were established with Parliament in a constant basis. 

Furthermore, Charles I did want to marry Henrietta Maria, the Catholic daughter of Luis XIII who was an enemy of Protestantism. The marriage took place in Paris and subsequently it was celebrated in Canterbury one more time, official arrangements were fulfilled without the Queen.

Soon thereafter, 30 years war commenced. Charles I decided to rule without the Parliament. As a consequence, an absolute government was formed lasting from 1629 to 1640, a period known as Personal Rule or The Eleven Year´s tyranny, some taxes were reintroduced, anguish in the popular segment of the population was created hence. 

Similarly, some religious conflicts were produced as a result of the puritan distrust of those who were in charge of monitoring Anglican Church in a traditional way something it was not supported. 

Some literary plays such as Julius Caesar, Richard II, Henry V and Henry VI conveyed a strong statement, it purported the idea of killing a king as something that should be attainable when deserved, little by little it gained plenty of support. A Bishop´s war which took place in Scotland brought a military and economic crisis as well. 

English Civil War
English Civil War

English Civil War lasted from 1642 to 1649, Oliver Cromwell was the proper strategist of the key battles Marston Moor (1644) and Naseby (1645) on English Civil War which was won by Oliver Cromwell (1642-1649) 

What is more, he participated on the military campaigns of Ireland (1649-1650) being awarded with the title of Lord General.  Likewise, he participated in a military campaign in Scotland (1650-1651) thus he was honoured with the title of Lord Commander in 1653, a lifelong position. 

He was offered the Crown something he refused to accept. Oliver Cromwell was a firmly religious believer. He represented Cambridge in the Parliament but he ended being the most important person on the English Republic, his role was decisive to kill Charles I, the first English king to be decapitated to date. Oliver Cromwell was a Parliament member representing Cambridge, he was chosen colonel of the Revolutionary Army his role was decisive in order to execute Charles I, to abolish monarchy and establishing English Republic. 

Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell divided the country in military districts, people from the army were in charge and the only person to with they were obliged to take issue was Oliver Cromwell

In 1658 Oliver Cromwell died, his son followed him on his post but it was such a despair when it came to the state of the country that monarchy was reintroduced again. Oliver Cromwell was beheaded and his head was exposed on Westminster Hall

England XVII century
English Civil War

In Ireland, the country was tearing itself apart as there was a transference with regards to the land ownership between catholic and protestants an Irish revolution followed in 1941. 

A document called "Grand Remonstrance" was signed at House of Commons. The King requested the presence of five of these people, yet they were gone though, as a consequence, the Parliament made London theirs hence the king established the court in Oxford.

In 1642 English Civil War started, theatres were closed officially, The king Charles I was killed on January 30th, 1649. Never before a king was killed on British history nor was accused of treason. 

Notwithstanding all of the facts given on this post, English monarchy was reintroduced in 1660 in the person of Charles II son of Charles I who came from Paris. Cavalier poets were close to the Monarchy and a poet like John Milton defended the English Republic about them we are going to talk very soon. Read this in Spanish English Civil War.

1 comment:

  1. I am an active poet at age 80. Also have a degree in History Tudor, Stuart and Renaissance periods. A nicely done post over a century of History, the extreme manipulation of Cromwell who was basically a religious dictator as many royal persons were. I congratulate you on dealing adeptly with a difficult subject. Perhaps, given time, I can read more of your well informed Posts on many subjects. Would welcome any comments on my varied poems. Thank you.